Essays suggesting solutions to problems, in which the problem(s) associated with a particular issue or situation are analysed and possible solutions are put forward, together with any expected results/consequences. The writer's opinion may be mentioned, directly or indirectly, in the introduction and/or conclusion.
An essay discussing problems and suggesting solutions is a formal piece of writing. You should state the problem and its causes clearly, then present your suggestions and the expected results or consequences these might have
A successful essay of this type should consist of:
a) an introductory paragraph in which you clearly state the problem, what has caused it, and the consequences.
b) a main body in which you present several suggested solutions, each in a separate paragraph together with its consequences/results and
c) a conclusion in which you summarise your opinion.
Points to consider
• Each paragraph should start with a topic sentence which summarises what the paragraph is about.
• Appropriate linking words and phrases should be used to show the connection between paragraphs as well as to link sentences within a paragraph.
• Use the techniques given in Beginning and ending discursive essays
• To express cause: since/because, in view of/because of/owing to/ due to (the fact that)…, The reason that …/why …/for… is that…
To express effect: thus/therefore/so/consequently, as a result/consequence, the result of … would be …, … would result in …
To express purpose: so that…, so as/in order (not) to …, with the purpose of/intention of (+ing)
To express possibility/probability: It can/could/may/might…, It is possible/probable/(un)likely/foreseeable/certain that…, … is (un) likely to/bound to/certain to/ possible/probable…, The likelihood/possibility/probability of (-ing/noun) is…
state the problem and its cause(s)/consequence(s)
suggestion 1 & result
suggestion 2 & result
suggestion 3 & result
suggestion 4 & result*
summarise your opinion
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* You may include more suggestions, and thus more paragraphs in the main body
Go to Exercise 1
Taken from "Successful Writing Proficiency" by Virginia Evans