The Differences And Similarities Between Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin And Oscar Wilde

To my essay I have chosen Pushkin and Wilde, I consider these people are very bright persons of history, who made great contribution to the literature. I think these two men have much in common and, nevertheless, they have different destinies.
Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin pioneered the use of vernacular speech in his poems and plays, creating a style of storytelling—mixing drama, romance, and satire—associated with Russian literature ever since and greatly influencing later Russian writers. He also wrote historical fiction. His Marie: A Story of Russian Love provides insight into Russia during the reign of Catherine the Great. He was born in Moscow, Russia, Pushkin published his first poem at the age of fifteen, and was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo. Pushkin gradually became committed to social reform and emerged as a spokesman for literary radicals; in the early 1820s he clashed with the government, which sent him into exile in southern Russia. While under the strict surveillance of government censors and unable to travel or publish at will, he wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov, but could not publish it until years later. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was published serially from 1825 to 1832.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish writer, poet, and prominent aesthete. His parents were successful Dublin intellectuals, and from an early age he was tutored at home, where he showed his intelligence, becoming fluent in French and German. He attended boarding school for six years, then matriculated to university at seventeen years old. Reading Greats, Wilde proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. After university, Wilde moved around trying his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems and toured America lecturing extensively on aestheticism. He then returned to London, where he worked prolifically as a journalist for four years. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress, and glittering conversation, Wilde was one of the most well-known personalities of his day. He next produced a series of dialogues and essays that developed his ideas about the supremacy of art. However, it was his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray – still widely read – that brought him more lasting recognition. He became one of the most successful playwrights of the late Victorian era in London with a series of social satires which continue to be performed, especially his masterpiece The Importance of Being Earnest.
At the height of his fame and success, Wilde suffered a dramatic downfall in a sensational series of trials. He sued his lover's father for libel, though the case was dropped at trial. After two subsequent trials, Wilde was imprisoned for two years' hard labour, having been convicted of "gross indecency" with other men. In prison he wrote De Profundis, a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. Upon his release he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol, a long, terse poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life. He died destitute in Paris at the age of forty-six.
Oscar Wilde had not friends in his childhood, being brought up as a dandy, among children of poor family he contrasted very much. While, Aleksandr Sergeevich kept warm friendship with his friends: Chaadaev, Kuhelbecker and others, from the lyceum in Tsarskoe selo till his death.
Although, Oscar Wilde was happy having both of his parents, he admired his mother and respected his father. In contrast with him, Pushkin was brought up by his grandmother.
Both of them were talented, Alexander Sergeevich could write a poem without difficulties in rhyming, his style was original and very easy for reading. Oscar Wilde began reading in his early childhood, and he read Shakespeare's works with great pleasure.
When they grew up, they were not so handsome or even nice, but they had high success in a public, and especially, gained great attention among women. How could they do it? They had different methods. Alexander Sergeevich was very charismatic, not ordinary person, he won woman's heart by his eloquence, passionate temperament, though he was law, with unattractive appearance. Oscar Wilde was, perhaps, the only person who was able to deceive the nature. His ideal was tall, slim silhouette, blond, curly hair, fine lines of a face and blue eyes. Unfortunately, he was like this ideal just till his teen age, then he became changing: his shoulders became wider, hair darker, his forehead's form was strange. To hide his corporal defects, Oscar Wilde thought up different things: he worn cloaks to stretch his silhouette, curled his hair and put locks on his forehead to hide it and so on. Oscar Wilde paid very big attention to his appearnce.
Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin and Oscar Wilde had very beautiful languages, their works are considered to be masterpieces. Pushkin was the only person, who wrote a novel in verse form: ''Evgene Onegin''. Oscar Wilde had a skill of paradoxes, but being so famous and legendary none of them had happy lives. Alexander Pushkin was exiled, his death was because of the duel with Dantes to keep his wife's honour, Oscar Wilde was condemned and imprisoned.
Nevertheless, each of the persons stays to be one of the greatest people of the history.

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